Tax Tips for Charitable Donations

Charitable giving is a great way to support the causes you care about while also getting a tax break. In 2020, Congress passed the Coronavirus Aid Relief and Economic Security (CARES) Act, which incentivized charitable giving by offering new rules for charitable deductions. As we move into the new year, now is the time to make sure you’re making your 2020 deductions properly and planning for your 2021 charitable giving. Here’s a look at what you need to know.

2020 Tax Moves

The CARES Act temporarily changed some of the rules around tax deductions for charitable giving in 2020 to encourage people to make contributions during the coronavirus pandemic. If you haven’t filed your 2020 taxes yet, you can still take advantage of these benefits.

If you itemize your deductions, the CARES Act allows you to deduct up to 100% of your adjusted gross income (AGI) — a significant increase from the 60% limit the year before. And if you exceed that limit, you can carry over the excess amount for up to five years. This rule only applies to cash donations, however. The limit for deductions of appreciated long-term securities remains the same as in previous years at 30% of your AGI.

The CARES Act also allows those who don’t itemize to claim a charitable deduction. For the 2020 tax year, donors who opt to take the standard deduction have the option to claim an “above the line” deduction of $300 for cash contributions to qualifying charities. Again, this rule does not apply to non-cash contributions, including clothing or appliances. Also, the deduction can only be claimed once per household unit, so if you are married and filing jointly, you can only claim this deduction once.

In either case, whether you take the standard deduction or itemize, the cash donations you’re claiming must have gone directly to operating organizations that are charitable, educational, or scientific in purpose and not private foundations or donor-advised funds.

Looking Ahead to 2021

The changes from the CARES Act only apply for the 2020 tax year, but there are still ways to maximize tax benefits for charitable giving in 2021.

If you want to claim a charitable deduction when filing your 2021 taxes, you will have to itemize your deductions. For itemizing to make sense, your total deduction must exceed the standard deduction, which will be $12,550 for single filers, up from $12,400 in 2020. For those married filing jointly, the 2021 standard deduction will be $25,100, up from $24,800 in 2020.

A higher standard deduction can make it more difficult to have enough deductions to consider itemizing. But consolidating or “bunching” deductions from multiple tax years could allow you to itemize some years and take the standard deduction in others.

For example, suppose a single taxpayer could deduct $5,000 in mortgage interest, $3,500 in state and local tax deductions, and another $2,000 in charitable contributions for a total of $10,500. This amount doesn’t exceed the standard deduction, so itemizing wouldn’t make sense. However, if the taxpayer could bunch three years’ worth of charitable deductions, the individual would clear the standard deduction by $1,950 and be able to itemize this year. They would likely take the standard deduction in the following two years.

If you gave to charity in 2020, be sure that you are taking full advantage of the deductions available to you on your 2020 returns. And as you look ahead to the upcoming year, careful planning can ensure that you continue to get your maximum deductions while you do good for the causes you care about.


Investing involves risk, including the possible loss of principal and fluctuation of value. Past performance is no guarantee of future results.

This letter is not intended to be relied upon as forecast, research or investment advice, and is not a recommendation, offer or solicitation to buy or sell any securities or to adopt any investment strategy. The opinions expressed are as of the date noted and may change as subsequent conditions vary. The information and opinions contained in this letter are derived from proprietary and nonproprietary sources deemed by Roush Investments, LLC to be reliable. The letter may contain “forward-looking” information that is not purely historical in nature. Such information may include, among other things, projection and forecasts. There is no guarantee that any forecast made will materialize. Reliance upon information in this letter is at the sole discretion of the reader.

Please consult with a Roush Investments, LLC financial advisor to ensure that any contemplated transaction in any securities or investment strategy mentioned in this letter align with your overall investment goals, objectives, and tolerance for risk.

Additional information about Roush Investments, LLC is available in its current disclosure documents, Form ADV and Form ADV Part 2A Brochure which are accessible online via the SEC’s investment Adviser Public Disclosure (IAPD) database at, using SEC # 151288.

Roush Investments, LLC is neither an attorney nor an accountant, and no portion of this content should be interpreted as legal, accounting or tax advice.